Abdominal and/or Rectal Surgery
A colectomy is a procedure that is conducted in order to take out the large intestine. This procedure can be done to treat certain inflammatory diseases that affect the intestine. During the procedure, your surgeon will make an incision near the navel, and insert a laparoscope inside the body so that he can see the inside of the abdomen. Small surgical instruments will be inserted into other incisions in the abdomen. Your surgeon will divide the colon and rectum, and remove the colon from the abdominal cavity. The ileum and rectum will be rejoined before the abdominal cavity is rinsed and checked for leaks. Your surgeon will close all the incisions with stitches or tape.
During a gastrectomy all or some of the stomach is removed. This operation is most commonly performed to treat stomach cancer. There are various types of gastrectomy. These are:
- Total gastrectomy
The entire stomach is removed
- Partial gastrectomy
The lower section of the stomach is removed
- Sleeve gastrectomy
The left side of the stomach is removed
The top part of the stomach and some of the oesophagusis removed
During this operation, the oesophagus is connected to the small intestine or to the remaining part of the stomach, so that the digestive system still works.
An abdominoperineal resection is the removal of the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon. The procedure is conducted in order to treat cancer in the rectum and the anus, as well as in the sphincter muscles. After the rectum and anus are taken out, a new opening for waste to pass through is created.
A haemorroidectomy refers to the removal of hemorrhoids with the use of a scalpel, cautery pencil or laser. The procedure is usually conducted when a patient has very big internal or external hemorrhoids that are causing considerable discomfort.
Before undergoing this procedure, you will be given a general anesthesia. Your surgeon will make some incisions around the hemorrhoids, before the swollen vein inside the hemorrhoid is tied, and the hemorrhoid is removed. After it has been removed, the area is covered in gauze.
It can take up to three weeks to fully recover from this type of procedure, and it is normal to feel some pain after the operation.